Haiti Up Close
Dolphin jumping of the coast of Hispaniola
Here’s our guide to the animals that call this enchanting island home
Haiti’s position in the Caribbean favors a rich diversity in plant and animal life, despite decades of intensive deforestation during the twentieth century that have dramatically changed the landscape.
The effects of this exploitation can be seen from space, but down on ground level degradation has been halted, conservation is on the upswing and every year, the ecosystems that have remained intact attract nature and wildlife lovers to this side of the island.
While you’re in Haiti, you’ll have the chance to see some unique wildlife, including many birds, mammals and reptiles endemic to Hispaniola. Here’s our guide to the fauna and flora of this enchanting island.
White Peacock Butterfly
A hungry Greater Antillean Bullfinch
Photo: René Durocher
Hummingbirds, Todies, Orioles and Flamingoes are just a few of the magnificent birds you'll have a chance to spot when you visit. To learn more, check out these 10 amazing birds of Haiti and read our guide about bird watching in Haiti.
Stingrays swimming in the Caribbean ocean
From the beach or the bow of a water taxi or privately chartered boat, you can see porcupine fish, stingrays and the quizzically-named warteye stargazers and bridled burrfish! The central and south coasts of Haiti are famously shallow and gradual, and many species have evolved to hang out close to the shore where they’re easy to spot. This means that if you are staying at a beachside resort or visiting a public beach, there’s an excellent chance you’ll run into them.
Out in the waters of Petit-Goâve, as well as La Gonâve (specifically in the area of Anse-à-Galets), dolphins are known to make a special guest appearance!
The Hispaniolan Solenodon
Photo: Wikimedia Commons
Snakes and strange creatures
Snakes are fairly common, but you’ll be glad to hear that Haiti is one of the few places in the world with no snakes that are dangerously venomous to humans (although some do have venom for subduing small prey). Snakes have a long human-entwined history in Haiti, where they wow audiences at tourist destinations and patron saint festivals around the country, and at carnival, where they are often the stars of the show.
Speaking of venom, Hispaniola happens to be home to the world’s only known venomous mammal, the utterly bizarre solenodon, which has evolved snake-like venom-injecting teeth. Don’t worry though, like the snakes in Haiti, they aren’t dangerous to humans. These enigmatic creatures are critically endangered, but with pockets of them recently confirmed in Haiti as well as the Dominican Republic, internationally-supported conservation efforts are underway to keep these little monsters safe.
Want to discover Haiti's wildlife?
This list of critters is far from exhaustive. To learn more, talk to your local friends, host, guide, or specialty birdwatching and wildlife tour operators.
Explore Haiti's wildlife and nature
Did you know that you’ll see more Caribbean birds in
Lake Azuéi lies 18 miles east of Port-au-Prince and borders
Four spots to see Haitian birdlife at its best
About three hours north-east of Port-au-Prince, Lake Péligre is Haiti’s
Hispaniola is one of the most mountainous islands in the
Stroll through lush rolling lawns, roped paths, feature trees, flower
Wynne Farm Ecological Reserve is a successful sustainability initiative where
The south coast is full of hidden treasures waiting to
Snorkelling, street food and white-sand beaches home to most of
Kaskad Pichon (Cascade Pichon) is a stunning waterfall located in
Subscribe to our newsletter
Get more travel inspiration, tips and exclusive offers sent straight to your inbox